In the long list of precursors of electronica, people tend to forget about Cabaret Voltaire—perhaps because the band was simply around for so damn long. Between 1974 and an unofficial dissolution in 1994, the Cabs released 18 albums and twice that in re-releases, compilations and EPs. The band began as a trio: Richard H. Kirk on guitar, Stephen Mallinder on bass and tape guy Chris Watson.

Eventually, the outfit was stripped down to Kirk and Mallinder (with occasional contributors), with the former on vocals and bass and the latter on "instruments (real and synthetic), electronics, globe scanner, short wave radio." Gradually, Cabaret Voltaire's sound coalesced into a distinctive blend of Kirk's death-whisper vocals and skeletal funk basslines and Mallinder's cut-up dialogue, orchestrated sound effects and dance beats.

The band's biggest album was probably 1984's "Micro-Phonies." It even yielded a chart hit in the weirdly deconstructed funk of "James Brown," which broke the Godfather down into a looped funk bassline, some odd horn blurts and an exhortation to "willpower" layered over the usual asymmetrically-chopped samples. "Sensoria" layered hoarse, chanting vocals over a mesh of synth blips and shivering dance beats; an extra was a soundtrack composition, the breathtakingly otherworldly and purely electronic "Theme from Earthshaker."

The next year's follow-up, "Arm of the Lord," was more abrasive and sometimes bordered on industrial music, especially on tracks like "I Want You" and "Hell's Home," which featured more aggressive (sometimes live) drumbeats, increasingly desperate vocals and ornate, ominous electronic backdrops. In 1986, Cabaret Voltaire collaborated with Chicago house guru Marshall Jefferson on "Groovy, Laidback & Nasty."

Another field which Cabaret Voltaire pioneered was music video. Back in the early '80s, when most bands came up with awkward gimmicks, cheap effects or plain old performance excerpts, the band employed groundbreaking director Paul Cox to create clips that did justice to their performance-oriented origins with jarringly edited and juxtaposed setups, lots of garish colors and enough cutting-on-camera-motion to make the viewer queasy.

Gradually, Cabaret Voltaire's music became more purely electronic, venturing into ambient, pre-drum 'n' bass sounds on a trio of discs released in 1993-94: "The Conversation," "Plasticity" and "International Language." But, due to increasing involvement in side projects and solo work, their output had become infrequent. Mallinder moved to Australia, Kirk took up with a new generation of electronic musicians in Sheffield and that was that. The legacy lives on in graduate students' home studios across the globe.

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